History Of Bukit Melawati (Melawati Hill)
Bukit Melawati (Melawati Hill) at Kuala Selangor was the administrative center and stronghold of the Selangor Sultanate in the late 18th and early 19th century. A heavily fortified fort once stood on the summit. It was built during the reign of Sultan Ibrahim from 1782 to 1826 to fight against the Dutch. Selangor had been sucked into the struggle between the Dutct amd the ruler of Johor and Riau.
The fort fell to the Dutch in 1784, renamed it "Altingsburd Fort" after they did not hold it for long. Sultar Dutch governor-general. Butn Ibrahim recaptured the fort in January 1785 in a daring night attack with the aid of warrior from Pahang and mercenaries from Permatang. The victory was significant. It was the first time that a local Sulatn had been able to retake his fort from a foreign power.
In Bukit Melawati are found relics of the past, including the protective walls of the fort, the palace ground, a lighthouse, royal graves, seven walls, a flat stone used for beheading offenders, a 100-step ladder, a poisonous well and several cannons pointed at the moth of the Selangor River (Sungai Selangor). Bukit Melawati was designated a historical monument and historical site under Antiquities Act 1976 in 1977.
Bukit Melawati (Melawati Hill) As A Tourism Center
As a historical place, Bukit Melawati has several renmants from the past that appeal to those interestied in its history. A few leftover cannons and foundation stones attract visitors here for their historical values of Bukit Melawati (or Melawati Hill). Apart from being a historical site, being at the top og the hill gives you an excellent panoramic view of Selangor coastline. You would be able to see the Straits Of Malacca on a clear day, or bask in the warmth of a sunset on a clear day, or bask in the wamth of a sunset on a calm evening. Some fishing settlements are within view as well.
The Hill of Melawati is also home to the Silver-Leafed Monkeys and Long-Tailed Macaques. You can purchase peanuts from vendors around the area at Bukit Melawati and feed the monkey. Although the Silver-Leafed Monkey are generally quite gentle, visitors are advised to be cautious with the Long-Tailed Macaques as they can be highly mischevious. Just be careful when feeding them as they are considered wild creatures and can be dangerous when provoked.
Batu Hampar (Execution Rock)
Set at the centre of Bukit Melawati entrance. It has a large boulder on top of it where the legeng says that Batu Hampar is a site where traitors are beheaded.
Location Of New Moon Sighting (Baitulhilal)
A simple latticed structure was constructed at Bukit Melawati for the purpose of sighting the "new moon" to determine the strat of Ramadan (the fasting month for Muslims), Syawal (end of fasting celebration for the Muslim) and Hari Raya Haji.
The Royal Mausoleum
The Royal Mausoleum was a burial ground for the first three Sultan Of Selangor.
Sultan Salahuddin (1742-1778)
Sultan Ibrahim (1778-1826)
Sultan Mahmud (1826-1857)
Their family members were also laid to rest here.
Seven Wells Bukit Melawati
Originally, there was a well which contain seven springs that were never dry even during the droughts. Now, only a few remain and the rest lay buried. Some visitors use water from the well to fulfill their vow.
Meriam Penggawa (Chief Cannon)
A penggawa is the sultan's most trusted proctor. The cannon was brought to Jugra, Selangor's second capital, to be displayed there after it was discovered in 1966 in Sungai Buloh. However, it was said that the cannon "refused" to stay put and was brought here to guard the old sultans.
The Merian Penggawa is a sacred cannon and was said to explode on its own when a calamity is about to befall the Selangor Royal Family. Thus it is always wrapped in yellow clith to prevent it from blasting itself.
Poisoned Well Bukit Melawati
The well contains water poisoned from a maxture of latex itchy bamboo shoots. Poisoned Well was used to torture traitors where they were placed inside the well with the water level reaching their chin.